“Banks of time” crowd out money
While economists around the world are wondering if the second wave of the crisis will cover us, the townsfolk are coming up with their own ways to withstand possible perturbations in the economy. One of them is the spread of such a form of alternative economic relations as the “time bank”. Although they were invented in the USSR, the development of “time banks” was received in the USA and Great Britain.
The idea to use as a currency not some conventional pieces of paper and pieces of metal, but an intangible, but the only unit of time for the whole world – an hour, was first put forward in 1976 by the Soviet psychologist and engineer Vladlen Livshits. A year later, the world’s first “time bank” was created on the basis of the bakery in Kohtla-Järve. Employees of the enterprise were transferred to a flexible work schedule, one of the fundamental principles of their activity was active and mutual assistance to colleagues, and then to employees of other organizations – the local scientific research institutes of shale and thermal power plants. After the American journalist David Shipler got acquainted with the unusual production experience of Soviet bakers and stokers, the idea of Livshits was developed in the United States. Continue reading
As part of the third day of Mosinterfin-2012, work began with a plenary strategic session “Attracting Investments in Infrastructure Projects in Russia: Actual Problems, Models of Solution”. At the same time, intersectoral sessions were held on construction projects, healthcare, energy and the jewelry industry, and the expert session “Investment climate in Siberia and the Far East: tools for global warming.”
Alla Gryaznova, President of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, First Vice-President of the International Public Organization “GUILD OF FINANCE”, said that after the 2008 crisis, the need to create a self-sufficient platform for discussing, including investment in the Russian economy, led to international financial weeks in the capital .
In a welcome letter from President of Russia Vladimir Putin to the participants of Mosinterfin, it was noted that the forum “is gaining its face and traditions, becoming a noticeable, tangible event in the life of the professional community.” The head of state also noted that “a lively, multifaceted dialogue is extremely useful for developing consolidated approaches to pressing financial and economic problems, the main of which is the development of the financial market in Russia, its integration into the global financial system, the formation of a comfortable investment climate, and ensuring global financial stability ” Continue reading
Over the past month, investment funds focused on Russia withdrew about $ 150 million from the country. It is noted that the outflow for the last week of October amounted to $ 63 million. This is almost twice the figure of the previous week, when $ 32 million was withdrawn by investment funds.
Experts also predict a further continuation of the outflow of capital for at least the next two years. The transaction between Rosneft and TNK-BP, contrary to expectations, could not prevent the withdrawal of funds from the Russian Federation. Recall that on October 22, Rosneft announced the takeover of TNK-BP, which makes it the largest oil company in the world.
According to Vedomosti with reference to the EPFR, there are many reasons for this situation. However, among them three main ones can be distinguished. The first such reason is the high dependence of the Russian economy on fluctuations in oil prices, which greatly increases the risks of investors. The connection of capital outflows with unfavorable trends in the oil and gas sector seems natural. But a number of experts rightly point out the fact that no lasting correlation between the increase in the cost of oil and capital inflows has been observed in recent years. Continue reading